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History of Cariati

Located on the Ionian coast of Calabria, halfway between Sibari and Crotone, Cariati is a seaside tourist center, farming and fishing among the most important in the region. The place with the unmistakable look of a fortified medieval town has an important past. It 'been inhabited since ancient times, such as dating from some important archaeological discoveries made at the beginning of the nineteen hundreds, among which are those concerning the so-called "Brezia Tomb". Colony of Magna Grecian, and after the Roman conquest, the city was built as a fortified strategic location, situated on a hill overlooking the sea, in the Byzantine period. It became a county in Norman time and later a Principality (1565); Cariati was subject to several landlords. It alternated the Ruffo’s, the Riario’s,the Sanseverino’s, the Coppola’s, the Borgia’s and last (1505)the  Spinelli’s, a powerful family of the Neapolitan, Principles of Cariati from 1565 until the end of the eighteen hundreds. In 1437, whilst under the rule of the  Ruffo’s, Cariati was elevated to a bishopric, today it is an archbishopric after changes in territory and importance made by local and national clerical dogmas (rossano- cariati). Among its bishops are mentioned as most important: Gonzaga Francesco (1633-1657), who promoted the construction of the Bishop's Palace and the Seminary, and Nicola Golia (1839-1873) who in 1857 reconsecrated the Cathedral of the fifteenth century, which he made completely rebuild in neoclassical style. In the first half of the 14th century recordings are made of repeated attacks and destruction by Turkish pirates who infested the Mediterranean. In 1544 the pirate Barbarossa Kaireddin (one of the most blood seeking ones of that time) almost destroyed and made many prisoners among the population, including Bishop Giovanni Carniato who died months later in the Turkish jales. In '600 the city recovered from the ravages of the Turkish and saw renewed almost its entire urban outlook. Between 1806 to 1815, the so-called French decade, Cariati experienced the negative consequences of  robbery, having been chosen as the business headquarters by the bandit King Coremme , one of the worst bandits of that time. The town was sieged twice by the French, which decided to trace down and destroy the gang of the Bourbon favoring robbers. In the first decades of the Unitification of Italy it affected, many communities with similar economic and social problems in the south of Italy. With the completion of the railway construction line Taranto-Reggio Calabria, it finally broke centuries of isolation and the local community took advantage of easy access to Naples, Rome and the rest of Italy. In recent years, Cariati has expanded itself as a tourist-resort of a certain level. It currently has an uncommon tourist infrastructure, a port with adequate characteristics to the landing of nautical tourism and pleasure boats, also used as a shelter for boats of many local fishermen.

 

Contacts

For Info and Reservation:

Via G. Garibaldi, 59 (CS)
87063 Cariati Old Town
Mob. +39 333-4045284
Off. +39 0983-968734
Fax. +39 0983-532976
Email:
info@palazzomascambruno.it

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